When there is lesser number of sperms in the semen than normal while you ejaculate during an orgasm, it is called low sperm count. The other name of this is oligospermia whereas the term azoospermia is the name given to a complete absence of sperm. When the number of sperm in one millilitre of semen is less than 15 million, the sperm count is considered lower. The chance of one of your sperm fertilizing your partner’s egg decreases if you have a lower sperm count. This ultimately leads to failure in pregnancy.


The inability of your partner to conceive a child is the main sign of low sperm count. The following are some more symptoms of low sperm count:

  • There is less hair in the face or body.
  • There is a pain, swelling or a lump in the testicle area.
  • There are problems with sexual function.

If you have these symptoms, you should consult the best sexologist doctor in Kolkata.


There is a role of the testicles as well as the pituitary glands and hypothalamus in the production of sperm. When the testicles produce sperm, semen gets mixed with them and the sperm are ejaculated outside the penis. If there is any problem in this whole system, it can affect sperm production. There are also medical causes, medical causes, health, lifestyle and other causes behind low sperm count.

Risk Factors

There can be low sperm count and other problems causing this condition due to several risk factors. Some of them are:

  • Some medicines
  • Drinking alcohol
  • Smoking tobacco
  • Exposure to toxins
  • Overheating of the testicles
  • Overweight
  • Depression, Anxiety and Stress
  • Infections
  • Cancer treatments like radiation


When you are having problems in making your partner pregnant, you must consult the best andrologist in Kolkata. There are a number of diagnostic tests to help the doctor confirm whether you are having a low rate of sperm count.

Examination of your medical history and health

The doctor will ask questions about any inherited conditions and also examine your genitals. You may also need to answer some questions about your sexual development and sexual habits.

Semen analysis

There can be a semen analysis test to diagnose low sperm count. The doctor can see how many sperm appear in the squares on a grid-like pattern by carrying out the microscopic examination of semen. You can collect semen either by masturbation or while having intercourse.

Other tests

Your doctor may suggest some other tests to find the cause of low sperm count in your case after the initial tests. Hormone tests, genetic tests, scrotal ultrasound, anti-sperm antibody tests, transrectal ultrasound and specialized sperm function tests are some of these.

There are different options of male sexual problems treatment in Kolkata for this issue. They include surgery, hormone treatments and medications, treatment for infections, assisted reproductive technology (ART) and treatments for sexual intercourse problems.